Bangalore, also referred to as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state, Karnataka. Bangalore is nicknamed the "Garden City" for its gardens and parks and was once called a Pensioner's Paradise.
Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populated city and the fifth most populated urban agglomeration. Bangalore is well known as a hub for India's Information Technology (IT) sector. It stands out for being among the top 10 preferred entrepreneurial locations in the world.
The term 'Bangalore' is an anglicized version of "Bengalooru," a Kannada term. The word "Bengalooru" was in turn derived from the phrase 'bende kaalu ooru' meaning 'the town of boiled beans'. The story behind naming the city as the 'town of boiled beans' is said to be a hunting expedition by King Ballala of the Hoysala dynasty who lost his way in the jungle. Deep inside the jungle, lived an old woman who took pity on the hungry and tired hunter. The old woman was poor and had nothing else to offer but boiled beans. But the king was so pleased with her hospitality that he named the entire city as 'bele-benda-kalu-ooru'.
Located at an altitude of 920m (3021ft) above sea level, Bangalore has a moderate and pleasant climate throughout the year. During summer the temperature generally reaches a maximum of 27° Celsius. Winters are colder when the temperature goes down to 20° C. Bangalore enjoys both southwest and northeast monsoons. October and November are the wettest months. The Monsoons are during June-September. Bangalore has a domestic airport that connects most of the major cities of the country. A lot of International flights are also operated from here. The city is connected by rail and roads to all parts of the country.